Applied Social Research A Tool For The Human Services 8th Edition By Duane – Test Bank
Chapter 11: Single-System Designs
1. Single-system designs are a special form of which of the following research designs?
a. true experimental designs
b. quasi-experimental designs
d. field observation designs
2. A fundamental force behind the development of single-system designs is:
a. researchers are looking for a more generalizable model than experiments.
b. human service professionals want to know how a client is responding to an intervention
c. service providers are facing expectations to publish in journals
d. survey research is too expensive.
3. Single-system design development has been largely motivated by:
a. researcher dissatisfaction with quantitative measurement.
b. practitioner advocates of Freudian theory.
c. growing demand for accountability in human services.
d. dissatisfaction with qualitative methods.
4. The clinical research model:
a. is a theoretical orientation yet to be put to use in practice.
b. merges research with practice.
c. utilizes single-system designs.
d. merges research with practice, and utilizes single-system designs.
5. Which of the following is a disadvantage of group experimental designs that single-system designs may avoid?
a. The research design fails to capture the process by which change was induced.
b. It is too time-consuming and costly to secure enough cases for treatment and control groups.
c. Experiments using groups cannot control for threats to internal validity.
d. The research design fails to capture the process by which change was induced, and it is too time-consuming and costly to secure enough cases for treatment and control groups.
6. Which term is synonymous with “clinical research model”?
a. empirical practice model
b. qualitative evaluation model
c. practice-intervention model
d. case history model
7. Why are case histories inferior to single-system designs as a source of clinical knowledge?
a. Case histories exhibit only to a limited degree the characteristics that distinguish science from
b. other sources of knowledge.
c. Case histories are generally only prepared on cases of success, not failures.
d. Case histories often fail to report valid and reliable data to support conclusions.
e. All of the answers represent reasons why case histories are inferior.
8. The stance toward practice of the clinical-research model includes all of the following EXCEPT:
a. quasi-experimental designs should be used.
b. research and practice are viewed as parts of the same problem solving process.
c. problems are specified in terms that are concrete and observable.
d. data is collected systematically in order to monitor intervention.
9. Which of the following is NOT one of the steps in the clinical research process?
a. establish goals
b. introduce treatment
c. assess treatment effects
d. random assignment of subjects
10. How do goals under the clinical-research model differ from goals that might be established under traditional practice?
a. Only clinical-research goals deal with long-term outcomes.
b. Clinical-research goals cannot be operationalized.
c. Clinical-research goals are more specific and precisely defined than goals in traditional practice.
d. Goals under the clinical-research model represent a radical departure from traditional practice.