Learning and Memory 3rd Edition by Mark A. Gluck – Test Bank
1. Which statement is an example of social learning?
A) A chimpanzee copies the hand motions made by its trainer.
B) A cat learns through trial and error to escape from a puzzle box.
C) A rat learns the correct route through a maze by being rewarded with food on reaching the end.
D) A dog learns to salivate in response to a bell after the bell is repeatedly followed by food.
2. _____ is defined as learning from others and often used as a synonym for observational learning.
A) Social learning
C) Social conformity
D) True imitation
3. A process in which the learner actively monitors events and then chooses later actions based on those observation is known as:
A) true imitation.
B) observational learning.
C) cognitive learning.
D) social conformity.
4. In observational learning, it is difficult to predict what an organism will learn because:
A) learning occurs during copying but not during observation.
B) it is not always possible to determine what the organism perceives from the model.
C) the behavior can often be explained by instrumental conditioning rather than by observational learning.
D) it is hard to determine whether feedback is being provided to the observer.
5. _____ is the act of doing what one observes another organism doing.
D) Perspective taking
6. Why does social learning differ from most other forms of learning?
A) Most learning occurs individually.
B) It relies heavily on an individual’s personality.
C) It is not always possible to determine what an organism is perceiving.
D) Not all species can learn by reproducing what they observe.
7. When children imitate acts that reveal what they have learned from watching someone demonstrate an action, this demonstration is called:
B) true imitation.
8. A theory of human behavior that proposed that the kinds of reinforcement an individual has experienced in past social contexts will determine how that individual will act in a given situation is known as _____ theory.
C) stimulus matching
9. In Bandura’s Bobo doll study, it was found that:
A) aggressive behavior transferred to other contexts.
B) for girls, aggression was more common when they observed a female model than a male model.
C) only the children who were first provoked showed aggression toward the Bobo doll.
D) the attack styles of the children who behaved aggressively were different from the attack styles of the models they observed.
10. In Bandura’s Bobo doll study, Bandura believed that the children were learning the aggressive acts:
A) after being rewarded for their behavior.
B) when they were imitating the model.
C) while they were observing the model.
D) right before they observed the model.