Principles Of Environmental Science 8th Edition By William Cunningham – Test Bank
Multiple Choice Questions
- _________ is the water that infiltrates through the ground and is stored in spaces in soil and rock.
- Lateral Recharge
- Water Table
- Surface Water
- The amount of groundwater that can fill the spaces found in soil and rock is determined by the
- zone of saturation
- recharge rate
- Based on Figure 11.11, water availability per person per year is lowest in these two countries
- Africa and Australia
- North America and Australia
- North America and South America
- Africa and Asia
- Asia and Australia
- All of the following are example of point source pollution, except
- Sewer Outfalls
- Effluent Pipes
- Runoff from farms
4. All of the following are example of point source pollution, except
B. Sewer Outfalls
D. Effluent Pipes
E. Runoff from farms
5. The total amount of water on the Earth ____________ from year to year and the hydrologic cycle
A. stays about the same; moves it from one place to another place
B. increases; captures it from the incoming solar radiation
C. increases; gains water from the Earth’s interior
D. decreases; moves it from one place to another place
E. decreases; loses water to the atmosphere
6. Most water in the atmosphere has evaporated from the ocean, and ______ rain falls back into the sea. About
________ % of the earth’s total rain falls on land.
A. most; 10
B. most; 20
C. less; 55
D. less; 70
7. The hydrologic compartment that contains the greatest amount of fresh water is
B. the Great Lakes.
C. living organisms and biomass.
D. ice and snow.
E. clouds in the atmosphere.
8. The place where aquifers are most likely to be contaminated is at
A. artesian springs.
B. seeps and other outlets.
C. recharge zones.
D. all discharge and recharge areas.
E. the zone of aeration
9. A country’s renewable water supplies are generally made up of
A. surface runoff and infiltration into accessible aquifers.
B. seasonal flooding and infiltration into accessible aquifers.
C. seasonal flooding.
D. rivers running through the country.
E. water used from an aquifer.
10. Which of the following factors is the most important factor in determining whether a country is “water rich” or “water poor”?
A. population density
B. country size
D. rivers running through the country
E. renewable water supplies and population density