Surgical Technology Principles And Practice 5th Edition By Joanna Kotcher – Test Bank
Chapter 11: Surgical Skin Preparation and Draping
1. A surgical incision provides a portal of entry for microorganisms.
A surgical incision creates a portal of entry for microorganisms. Healthy skin contains colonies of microorganisms (normal flora) that compete with and usually overcome foreign or transient bacteria (bioburden).
DIF: 1 REF: p. 210
2. A surgical prep is performed after the patient has been draped.
The surgical skin prep is performed immediately before the start of surgery after the patient is positioned and anesthetized.
DIF: 2 REF: p. 210
3. Urinary catheterization is performed after surgery to empty the bladder of urine that has accumulated throughout the procedure.
Urinary catheterization is performed prior to surgery to empty the bladder and provide continuous urinary drainage throughout the procedure.
DIF: 1 REF: p. 207
4. For best postoperative results, the patient should shave the surgical site at least 12 hours before the procedure is scheduled.
If shaving is necessary, shave in the direction of hair growth no more than 30 minutes prior to surgery.
DIF: 1 REF: p. 210
5. Urinary catheterization is a sterile procedure.
Urinary catheterization is a sterile procedure. The urinary bladder and proximal urethra are sterile, and contaminants introduced by catheterization increase the risk of urinary tract infection.
DIF: 1 REF: p. 209
6. When alcohol is used for the surgical prep, it must be completely dry before the drapes are placed on the patient.
All traces of alcohol must be completely dry on the skin before drapes are applied.
DIF: 1 REF: p. 211
7. Surgical skin prep is not a sterile procedure.
The skin prep is a sterile procedure. Sterile gloves are worn, and supplies are sterile. Manufactured sterile prep trays are available and contain all or most of the supplies needed to perform the skin prep.
DIF: 2 REF: p. 211
8. Prep solutions must be warmed in a microwave unit or autoclave.
Prep solutions must never be warmed in a microwave unit or autoclave. Heating in this manner is uncontrolled, and the exact temperature is unknown, creating a risk of thermal burns.
DIF: 1 REF: p. 213
9. When more than one procedure is planned during the same surgery, each site must be prepped separately, using a different preparation setup for each site.
When more than one procedure is planned during the same surgery, the circulator must prepare each site separately, using a different prep setup for each site.
DIF: 1 REF: p. 212
10. When removing the drapes from the patient, pull them slowly away from the patient, starting at the patient’s head and proceeding downward.
When removing the drapes, pull them away from the patient, starting at the patient’s head, and proceeding downward toward the feet.
DIF: 1 REF: p. 223