Industrial And Organizational Psychology Research and Practice 6th Edition by Paul E. Spector – Test Bank
CHAPTER 11: OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY
After studying this chapter, students should be able to:
- Describe the causes of accidents and discuss strategies to promote safety in the workplace.
- Discuss the physical work conditions affecting employee health and safety.
- Explain how work schedules affect employee health and well-being.
- Describe the occupational stress process, including its antecedent and consequences.
- Describe work-family conflict, including its antecedents and consequences.
- Define burnout and discuss how it relates to employee health and well-being.
Multiple Choice Questions
- What is the leading cause of accidental death on the job in the U.S.?
- Motor vehicle accidents
- Exposure to toxic chemicals
Answer: b Learning Objective: 1 Page: 273-274
- Which of the following jobs results in the highest rate of fatal accidents?
- Transportation and public utility
Answer: a Learning Objective: 1 Page: 274
- What is the best approach for preventing accidents?
- Design tools appropriately
- Train workers to avoid accidents
- Don’t hire accident-prone workers
- The best approach depends on the particular situation.
Answer: d Learning Objective: 1 Page: 274
- Goal setting can be used to reduce accidents and promote safety behaviors.
Answer: a Learning Objective: 1 Page: 276
- John is one of the most senior employees at New Millennium Enterprises and refuses to wear the safety goggles provided for him. He boasts to his co-workers that he “doesn’t need those dumb things,” he’s not stupid enough to get hurt. As a result many of his co-workers also do not wear the safety equipment provided. Which of the following would MOST likely explain the reason why New Millennium Enterprises may be having difficulty getting their employees to follow needed safety procedures?
- The equipment being provided is uncomfortable.
- The organizational climate discourages it.
- They are not offering big enough incentives for safe performance.
- Their employees are high in risk taking behavior.
Answer: b Learning Objective: 1 Page: 275
- Research has shown that exposure to loud noises at work is associated with:
- weight gain
- cardiovascular disease
- musculoskeletal disorders
- infectious disease
Answer: b Learning Objective: 1 Page: 276
- Which of the following statements about musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) is true?
- MSD is more likely if employees have high autonomy.
- Improper posture can lead to MSD.
- The strategies to reduce MSDs are fairly expensive.
- Rest breaks do little to reduce MSD.
Answer: b Learning Objective: 2 Page: 276-277
- Which of the following was NOT discussed by the text as a physical work condition that could affect health and safety?
- Infectious disease
- Physical assaults
- Anaerobic conditions
- Repetitive actions
Answer: c Learning Objective: 2 Page: 273
- The text mentions that concern of _________ has had considerable impact on safety practices in the health professions. For example, now most dentists routinely wear masks and rubber gloves.
- hepatitis B
- the flu
- toxic substances
Answer: a Learning Objective: 2 Page: 276
- Which of the following statements regarding the effects of noise in the workplace is FALSE?
- An increase in workplace noise of 20 dB doubles the noise level.
- Continuous exposure to noise over 85 dB (moderately loud) can lead to permanent hearing loss.
- Employees may do nothing to avoid exposure to damaging noise if it is not loud enough to be painful.
- A very loud noise can permanently damage hearing.
Answer: a Learning Objective: 2 Page: 277