Invitation To Psychology 6th Edition By Wade – Test Bank
Chapter 11 – Pop Quiz 1
1. The text defines mental disorder as:
a. the inability to distinguish right from wrong.
b. behavior that violates cultural standards.
- behavior or emotional state that causes an individual suffering, is self-destructive, endangers others, or
impairs a person’s ability to function and work with others.
- behavior that deviates strongly from the norm and prevents a person from functioning normally.
2. ________ consist of ambiguous pictures, sentences, or stories that the test taker interprets or completes.
a. Objective tests
b. Projective tests
c. Personality inventories
d. Diagnoses based on the DSM
3. Mary went to the emergency room for the second time in a month complaining of difficulty breathing and
chest pain that had come on suddenly. She thought she was having a heart attack and was afraid she was
dying, but the doctor could not find anything wrong. She may be suffering from:
a. panic disorder.
b. a somatoform disorder.
4. ________ refers to a fear of being trapped in a crowded, public place.
b. Social phobia
5. A(n) ________ is a persistent, unwanted thought.
6. ________ disorders include conditions that cause persistent sad, empty, or irritable moods.
d. Dissociative identity
7. Ramona has lost her interest in gardening, which brought her joy in the past. She’s lost her appetite and life seems hopeless. Which disorder would Ramona be most likely to have?
a. generalized anxiety disorder
b. narcissistic disorder
c. major depression
d. borderline personality disorder
8. Which of the following is NOT a symptom of mania?
a. feelings of power
b. extreme euphoria
c. impulsive behavior
d. excess rumination
9. Alcoholism might be less likely to occur:
a. if it were used as a rite of passage into adulthood.
b. if adults drank moderately at family gatherings.
c. if drinking occurred outside of homes, not in them.
d. if national abstinence were enforced by law once again.
10. ________ is a controversial disorder marked by the apparent manifestation within one person of two or more distinct personalities, each with its own name and traits.
a. Borderline personality disorder
b. Antisocial personality disorder
c. Dissociative identity disorder
d. Bipolar disorder
Chapter 11 – Pop Quiz 1
- c Rationale: A mental disorder is any behavior or emotional state that causes an individual great suffering, is self-destructive, seriously impairs the person’s ability to work or get along with others, or makes a person unable to control the impulse to endanger others. (Page 382, Conceptual, Easy, LO 11.1, APA 1.1, 1.2)
- b Rationale: Projective tests consist of ambiguous pictures, sentences, or stories that the test taker interprets or completes. They are used to infer a person’s motives, conflicts, and unconscious dynamics on the basis of the person’s interpretations of ambiguous stimuli. (Page 385, Factual, Easy, LO 11.3, APA 1.1)
- a Rationale: Mary was probably experiencing a panic attack. Symptoms of a panic attack include trembling and shaking, dizziness, chest pain or discomfort, rapid heart rate, feelings of unreality, hot and cold flashes, sweating, and a fear of dying, going crazy, or losing control. Panic disorder is an anxiety disorder in which a person experiences recurring panic attacks accompanied by feelings of impending doom or death. (Page 388, Applied, Moderate, LO 11.4, APA 1.1, 2.1, 2.2)
- d Rationale: Agoraphobia involves a fear of being trapped in a public place where a panic attack might occur and be viewed by others. It is a fear of fear. (Page 389, Factual, Easy, LO 11.5, APA 1.1)
- a Rationale: An obsession is a recurrent, persistent, unwished-for thought or image that a person cannot get rid of. (Page 390, Factual, Easy, LO 11.7, APA 1.1)
- b Rationale: In the DSM, depressive disorders include conditions that can cause persistent sad, empty, or irritable moods, accompanied by physical and cognitive changes that affect the ability to function. (Page 392, Factual, Easy, LO 11.8, APA 1.1)
- c Rationale: Major depression is a disorder involving disturbances in mood (excessive sadness), behavior (loss of interest in one’s usual activities), cognition (thoughts of hopelessness), and body function (fatigue and loss of appetite or overeating). (Page 392, Applied, Easy, LO 11.8, APA 1.1, 2.1, 2.2)
- d Rationale: Mania is an abnormally high state of exhilaration. Symptoms of mania include being excessively wired and often irritable when thwarted; the person feels powerful and is full of plans, though the ideas may be based on delusional ideas, and may cause the person to have impulsive behavior, such as extravagant spending sprees or making rash decisions. (Page 394, Factual, Easy, LO 11.10, APA 1.1, 2.1, 2.2)
- b Rationale: Alcoholism is less likely when adults model responsible consumption of alcohol for their children. (Page 400, Conceptual, Easy, LO 11.15, APA 1.1, 2.2)
- c Rationale: Dissociative identity disorder is a controversial disorder marked by the apparent manifestation within one person of two or more distinct personalities, each with its own name and traits. (Page 404, Factual, Easy, LO 11.17, APA 1.1)